Anglo – Norwegian Fisheries case (1951) ICJ Rep. 166

Anglo – Norwegian Fisheries case (1951) ICJ Rep. 166

Principle: The base line can be calculated straightly linking the outmost points of the land.

It is called straight baseline principle.

Fact: In 1935 by a government decree Norway defined its Territorial sea connecting 48 points of land, Norway’s Territorial Sea was not measured from the low water line along the coast, but from strait baselines linking the outermost points on the extremities of the islands and headlands of the coast. Therefore, the Southern portion of the lines embraced clusters of islands. The Northern portion covered a heavily indented coastline. Therefor UK challenged the decree of Norway.

Issue: Where the delimitation Norway contradict any international law?

Decision: The ICJ upheld the Norwegian delimitation.

Reasoning: the delimitation was not any violation or contradiction of international law, the delimitation was proper.

straight baseline principle

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Rayhanul Islam

The author is an original thinker; often challenges the regular rule of conduct considering various perspective on the basis of scientific reasoning to ensure the peace and prosperity of the society. He works as freelancer advocate and promote legal knowledge and human right concept to the root level. The author is also a tech enthusiast and web developer, he loves psychology as well.

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