The Iran Case 1980

The Iran Case 1980

PRINCIPLE:
Not to entire into mission area without permission, protection of mission area from any sort of destruction or disturbance and not to violation in peace of mission along with necessary steps for security to ensure the dignity of mission is a special duty of a host state.

FACT OF THE CASE:
US Embassy in Tehran was attacked during the Iran revolution (November 4, 1979) after a group of Iranian students along with 50 military personal belonging to the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam’s Line, who supported the Iranian Revolution, took over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. They the president did not permit them to do so. They took control over all the documents and archives and other things within the Embassy.

ISSUE:
• Whether the Iranian Government was bound to secure U.S.A Embassy and its personals?
• Whether Iran Government is liable to fine for such action or not?

DECISION :
The Court unanimously declared Iran should ensure the restoration of the U.S. embassy in Tehran to U.S. possession, release the hostages, and afford diplomatic officials full protections as afforded by international law.The second decision addressed the actual merits of Iran’s actions. Iran took no part in the proceedings.

REASONING:
They are bound to compensate as a state has a responsibility to protect foreign diplomats and embassies as the failed to do so, they have violated Article 22(1) and (2) of Vienna convention 1961

Rayhanul Islam

The author is an original thinker; often challenges the regular rule of conduct considering various perspective on the basis of scientific reasoning to ensure the peace and prosperity of the society. He works as freelancer advocate and promotes legal knowledge and human right concept to the root level. The author is also a tech enthusiast and web developer, he loves psychology as well.

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