Preamble of Bangladesh constitution
The Preamble of Bangladesh Constitution embodies the fundamental values and the philosophy, on which the Constitution is based, and the aims and objectives, which the founding members of the Constitution enjoined the polity to strive to achieve.
Though, by itself, it is not enforceable in Court of Law, the Preamble to our Constitution states the objects which the constitution seeks to establish and promote and also aids the legal interpretation of the Constitution where the language is found to be ambiguous.
The preamble of our constitution is the soul of our constitution. The whole constitution depends on the preamble and works as a description of it.
Its first line “We the people of Bangladesh, having proclaimed our independence…” and the last paragraph “In our constituent Assembly…” established all the power of the country belongs to the people of Bangladesh (Art-7). It also mentions the historic struggle through which we got our independence and indicate our constitution is made with proper way with the representation of people of the Bangladesh.
In its second paragraph it established the fundamental principal of the state. Namely: Nationalism, socialism, democracy and secularism. These pillars uphold all of our constitution. (Later described on Part II)
The third paragraph draws the spirit of second paragraph and confirms of its application by mentioning democratic process, rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedom etc and these would be the fundamental aim of the country. (Later described on Part III)
The supremacy of the constitution and its protection by the people is confirmed by the fourth paragraph it also said our foreign policy would be international peace and co-operation in keeping with the progressive aspiration and mankind.
1[ BISMILLAH-AR-RAHMAN-AR-RAHIM (In the name of Allah, the Beneficient, the Merciful)/
In the name of the Creator, the Merciful.]PREAMBLE
We, the people of Bangladesh, having proclaimed our independence on the 26th day of March, 1971 and through 2[ a historic struggle for national liberation], established the independent, sovereign People’s Republic of Bangladesh;
3[ Pledging that the high ideals of nationalism, socialism, democracy and secularism, which inspired our heroic people to dedicate themselves to, and our brave martyrs to sacrifice their lives in, the national liberation struggle, shall be the fundamental principles of the Constitution;]
Further pledging that it shall be a fundamental aim of the State to realise through the democratic process a socialist society, free from exploitation a society in which the rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedom, equality and justice, political, economic and social, will be secured for all citizens;
Affirming that it is our sacred duty to safeguard, protect and defend this Constitution and to maintain its supremacy as the embodiment of the will of the people of Bangladesh so that we may prosper in freedom and may make our full contribution towards international peace and co operation in keeping with the progressive aspirations of mankind;
In our Constituent Assembly, this eighteenth day of Kartick, 1379 B.S., corresponding to the fourth day of November, 1972 A.D., do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this Constitution.